Chapter 1 - Arjuna Vishada yoga - The Yoga of Sorrow

dhṛtarāṣṭra uvāca: dharmakṣetre kurukṣetre samavetā yuyutsavaḥ māmakāḥ pāṇḍavāś caiva kim akurvata sañjaya 1.1

sañjaya uvāca: dṛṣṭvā tu pāṇḍavānīkaṃ vyūḍhaṃ duryodhanas tadā ācāryam upasaṅgamya rājā vacanam abravīt 1.2

paśyaitāṃ pāṇḍuputrāṇām ācārya mahatīṃ camūm vyūḍhāṃ drupadaputreṇa tava śiṣyeṇa dhīmatā 1.3

atra śūrā maheṣvāsā bhīmārjunasamā yudhi yuyudhāno virāṭaśca drupadaś ca mahārathaḥ 1.4

dhṛṣṭaketuś cekitānaḥ kāśirājaś ca vīryavān purujit kuntibhojaś ca śaibyaś ca narapuṅgavaḥ 1.5

yudhāmanyuś ca vikrānta uttamaujāś ca vīryavān saubhadro draupadeyāś ca sarva eva mahārathāḥ 1.6

asmākaṃ tu viśiṣṭā ye tān nibodha dvijottama nāyakā mama sainyasya saṃjñārthaṃ tān bravīmi te 1.7

bhavān bhīṣmaś ca karṇaś ca kṛpaś ca samitiñjayaḥ aśvatthāmā vikarṇaś ca saumadattis tathaiva ca 1.8

anye ca bahavaḥ śūrā madarthe tyaktajīvitāḥ nānāśastrapraharaṇāḥ sarve yuddhaviśāradāḥ 1.9

aparyāptaṃ tad asmākaṃ balaṃ bhīṣmābhirakṣitam paryāptaṃ tvidam eteṣāṃ balaṃ bhīmābhirakṣitam 1.10

ayaneṣu ca sarveṣu yathābhāgam avasthitāḥ bhīṣmam evābhirakṣantu bhavantaḥ sarva eva hi 1.11

tasya sañjanayan harṣaṃ kuruvṛddhaḥ pitāmahaḥ siṃhanādaṃ vinadyocchaiḥ śaṅkhaṃ dadhmau pratāpavān 1.12

tataḥ śaṅkhāś ca bheryaś ca paṇavānakagomukhāḥ sahasaivābhyahanyanta sa śabdas tumulobhavat 1.13

tataḥ śvetair hayair yukte mahati syandane sthitau mādhavaḥ pāṇḍavaś caiva divyau śaṅkhau pradaghmatuḥ 1.14

pāñcajanyaṃ hṛṣīkeśo devadattaṃ dhanañjayaḥ pauṇḍraṃ dadhmau mahāśaṅkhaṃ bhīmakarmā vṛkodaraḥ 1.15

anañtavijayaṃ rājā kuntīputro yudhiṣṭhiraḥ nakulaḥ sahadevaś ca sughoṣamaṇipuṣpakau 1.16

kāśyaś ca parameṣvāsaḥ śikhaṇḍī ca mahārathaḥ dhṛṣṭadyumno virāṭaś ca sātyakiś cāparājitaḥ 1.17

drupado draupadeyāś ca sarvaśaḥ pṛthivīpate saubhadraś ca mahābāhuḥ śaṅkhān dadhmuḥ pṛthakpṛthak 1.18

sa ghoṣo dhārtarāṣṭrāṇāṃ hṛdayāni vyadārayat nabhaś ca pṛthivīṃ caiva tumulobhyanunādayan 1.19

atha vyavasthitān dṛṣṭvā dhārtarāṣṭrān.h kapidhvajaḥ pravṛtte śastrasaṃpāte dhanur udyamya pāṇḍavaḥ 1.20

hṛṣīkeśaṃ tadā vākyam idam āha mahīpate senayor ubhayor madhye rathaṃ sthāpaya mecyuta 1.21

yāvad etān nirikṣehaṃ yoddhukāmān avasthitān kair mayā saha yoddhavyam asmin raṇasamudyame 1.22

yotsyamānān avekṣehaṃ ya etetra samāgatāḥ dhārtarāṣṭrasya durbuddher yuddhe priyacikīrṣavaḥ 1.23

evam ukto hṛṣīkeśo guḍākeśena bhārata senayor ubhayor madhye sthāpayitvā rathottamam 1.24

bhīṣmadroṇapramukhataḥ sarveṣāṃ ca mahīkṣitām uvāca pārtha paśyaitān samavetān kurūn iti 1.25

tatrāpaśyat sthitān pārthaḥ pitṛn atha pitāmahān ācāryān mātulān bhrātṛn putrān pautrān sakhīṃs tathā 1.26

śvaśurān suhṛdaś caiva senayor ubhayor api tān samīkṣya sa kaunteyaḥ sarvān bandhūn avasthitān 1.27

kṛpayā parayāviṣṭo viṣīdann idamabravīt dṛṣṭvemaṃ svajanaṃ kṛṣṇa yuyutsuṃ samupasthitam 1.28

sīdanti mama gātrāṇi mukhañ ca pariśuṣyati vepathuś ca śarīre me romaharṣaś ca jāyate 1.29

gāṇḍīvaṃ straṃsate hastāt tvak caiva paridahyate na ca śaknomy avasthātuṃ bhramatīva ca me manaḥ 1.30

nimittāni ca paśyāmi viparītāni keśava na ca śreyonupaśyāmi hatvā svajanam āhave 1.31

na kāṅkṣe vijayaṃ kṛṣṇa na ca rājyaṃ sukhāni ca kiṃ no rājyena govinda kiṃ bhogair jīvitena vā 1.32

yeṣām arthe kāṅkṣitaṃ no rājyaṃ bhogāḥ sukhāni ca ta imevasthitā yuddhe prāṇāṃs tyaktvā dhanāni ca 1.33

ācāryāḥ pitaraḥ putrās tathaiva ca pitāmahāḥ mātulāḥ śvaśurāḥ pautrāḥ śyālāḥ sambandhinas tathā 1.34

etān na hantum icchhāmi ghnatopi madhusūdana api trailokyarājyasya hetoḥ kiṃ nu mahīkṛte 1.35

nihatya dhārtarāṣṭrān naḥ kā prītiḥ syājanārdana pāpam evāśrayed asmān hatvaitān ātatāyinaḥ 1.36

tasmān nārhā vayaṃ hantuṃ dhārtarāṣṭrān svabāndhavān svajanaṃ hi kathaṃ hatvā sukhinaḥ syāma mādhava 1.37

yadyapyete na paśyanti lobhopahatacetasaḥ kulakṣayakṛtaṃ doṣaṃ mitradrohe ca pātakam 1.38

kathaṃ na jñeyam asmābhiḥ pāpād asmān nivartitum kulakṣayakṛtaṃ doṣaṃ prapaśyadbhir janārdana 1.39

kulakṣaye praṇaśyanti kuladharmāḥ sanātanāḥ dharme naṣṭe kulaṃ kṛtsnam adharmobhibhavaty uta 1.40

adharmābhibhavāt kṛṣṇa praduṣyanti kulastriyaḥ strīṣu duṣṭāsu vārṣṇeya jāyate varṇasaṅkaraḥ 1.41

saṅkaro narakāyaiva kulaghnānāṃ kulasya ca patanti pitaro hy eṣāṃ luptapiṇḍodakakriyāḥ 1.42

doṣair etaiḥ kulaghnānāṃ varṇasaṅkarakārakaiḥ utsādyante jātidharmāḥ kuladharmāś ca śāśvatāḥ 1.43

utsannakuladharmāṇāṃ manuṣyāṇāṃ janārdana narake niyataṃ vāso bhavatīty anuśuśruma 1.44

aho bata mahat pāpaṃ kartuṃ vyavasitā vayam yad rājyasukhalobhena hantuṃ svajanam udyatāḥ 1.45

yadi mām apratīkāram aśastraṃ śastrapāṇayaḥ dhārtarāṣṭrā raṇe hanyus tan me kṣemataraṃ bhavet 1.46

evam uktvārjunaḥ saṅkhye rathopastha upāviśat visṛjya saśaraṃ cāpaṃ śokasaṃvignamānasaḥ 1.47

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