Chapter 2 - The Yoga of Knowledge

sañjaya uvāca: taṃ tathā kṛpayāviṣṭam aśrupūrṇākulekṣaṇam viṣīdantam idaṃ vākyam uvāca madhusūdanaḥ 2.1

śrībhagavān uvāca: kutas tvā kaśmalam idaṃ viṣame samupasthitam anāryajuṣṭam asvargyam akīrtikaram arjuna 2.2

klaibyaṃ mā sma gamaḥ pārtha naitat tvayy upapadyate kṣudraṃ hṛdayadaurbalyaṃ tyaktvottiṣṭha paraṃtapa 2.3

arjuna uvāca: kathaṃ bhīṣmam ahaṃ sāṅkhye droṇaṃ ca madhusūdana iṣubhiḥ pratiyotsyāmi pūjārhāv arisūdana 2.4

gurūn ahatvā hi mahānubhāvān śreyo bhoktuṃ bhaikṣyam apīha loke hatvārthakāmāṃstu gurunihaiva bhuñjjīya bhogān rudhirapradigdhān 2.5

na caitad vidmaḥ kataran no garīyo yad vā jayema yadi vā no jayeyuḥ yān eva hatvā na jijīviṣāmas tevasthitāḥ pramukhe dhārtarāṣṭrāḥ 2.6

kārpaṇyadoṣopahatasvabhāvaḥ pṛcchāmi tvāṃ dharmasaṃmūḍhacetāḥ yac chreyaḥ syān niścitaṃ brūhi tan me śiṣyastehaṃ śādhi māṃ tvāṃ prapannam 2.7

na hi prapaśyāmi mamāpanudyād yac chokam ucchoṣaṇam indriyāṇām avāpya bhūmāv asapatnam ṛddhaṃ rājyaṃ surāṇām api cādhipatyam 2.8

sañjaya uvāca : evam uktvā hṛṣīkeśaṃ guḍākeśaḥ paraṃtapaḥ na yotsya iti govindam uktvā tūṣṇīṃ babhūva ha 2.9

tam uvāca hṛṣīkeśaḥ prahasann iva bhārata senayor ubhayor madhye viṣīdantam idaṃ vacaḥ 2.10

śrībhagavān uvāca: aśocyān anvaśocas tvaṃ prajñāvādāṃś ca bhāṣase gatāsūn agatāsūṃś ca nānuśocanti paṇḍitāḥ 2.11

natv evāhaṃ jātu nāsaṃ na tvaṃ neme janādhipāḥ na caiva na bhaviṣyāmaḥ sarve vayam ataḥ param 2.12

dehinosmin yathā dehe kaumāraṃ yauvanaṃ jarā tathā dehāntaraprāptir dhīras tatra na muhyati 2.13

mātrāsparśās tu kaunteya śītoṣṇasukhaduḥkhadāḥ āgamāpāyinonityās tāṃs titikṣasva bhārata 2.14

yaṃ hi na vyathayanty ete puruṣaṃ puruṣarṣabha samaduḥkhasukhaṃ dhīraṃ somṛtatvāya kalpate 2.15

nāsato vidyate bhāvo nābhāvo vidyate sataḥ ubhayor api dṛṣṭo.antas tv anayos tattvadarśibhiḥ 2.16

avināśi tu tad viddhi yena sarvam idaṃ tatam vināśam avyayasyāsya na kaścit kartum arhati 2.17

antavanta ime dehā nityasyoktāḥ śarīriṇaḥ anāśinoprameyasya tasmād yudhyasva bhārata 2.18

ya enaṃ vetti hantāraṃ yaś cainaṃ manyate hatam ubhau tau na vijānīto nāyaṃ hanti na hanyate 2.19

na jāyate mriyate vā kadācin nāyaṃ bhūtvā bhavitā vā na bhūyaḥ ajo nityaḥ śāśvatoyaṃ purāṇo na hanyate hanyamāne śarīre 2.20

vedāvināśinaṃ nityaṃ ya enam ajam avyayam kathaṃ sa puruṣaḥ pārtha kaṃ ghātayati hanti kam 2.21

vāsāṃsi jīrṇāni yathā vihāya navāni gṛhṇāti naroparāṇi tathā śarīrāṇi vihāya jīrṇāni anyāni saṃyāti navāni dehī 2.20

nainaṃ chindanti śastrāṇi nainaṃ dahati pāvakaḥ na cainaṃ kledayanty āpo na śoṣayati mārutaḥ 2.23

acchedyoyam adāhyoyam akledyośoṣya eva ca nityaḥ sarvagataḥ sthāṇur acaloyaṃ sanātanaḥ 2.24

avyaktoyam acintyoyam avikaryoyam ucyate tasmād evaṃ viditvainaṃ nānuśocitum arhasi 2.25

atha cainaṃ nityajātaṃ nityaṃ vā manyase mṛtam tathāpi tvaṃ mahābāho naivaṃ śocitum arhasi 2.26

jātasya hi dhruvo mṛtyur dhruvaṃ janma mṛtasya ca tasmād aparihāryerthe na tvaṃ śocitum arhasi 2.27

avyaktādīni bhūtāni vyaktamadhyāni bhārata avyaktanidhanāny eva tatra kā paridevanā 2.28

āścaryavat paśyati kaścid enam āścaryavad vadati tathaiva cānyaḥ āścaryavac cainam anyaḥ śṛṇoti śrutvāpy enaṃ veda na caiva kaścit 2.29

dehī nityam avadhyoyaṃ dehe sarvasya bhārata tasmāt sarvāṇi bhūtāni na tvaṃ śocitum arhasi 2.30

svadharmam api cāvekṣya na vikampitum arhasi dharmyād dhi yuddhāc chreyonyat kṣatriyasya na vidyate 2.31

yadṛcchayā copapannaṃ svargadvāram apāvṛtam sukhinaḥ kṣatriyāḥ pārtha labhante yuddham īdṛśam 2.32

atha cet tvam imaṃ dhārmyaṃ saṅgrāmaṃ na kariṣyasi tataḥ svadharmaṃ kīrtiṃ ca hitvā pāpam avāpsyasi 2.33

akīrtiṃ cāpi bhūtāni kathayiṣyanti tevyayām saṃbhāvitasya cākīrtir maraṇād atiricyate 2.34

bhayād raṇād uparataṃ maṃsyante tvāṃ mahārathāḥ yeṣāṃ ca tvaṃ bahumato bhūtvā yāsyasi lāghavam 2.35

avācyavādāṃś ca bahūn vadiṣyanti tavāhitāḥ nindantas tava sāmarthyaṃ tato duḥkhataraṃ nu kim 2.36

hato vā prāpsyasi svargaṃ jitvā vā bhokṣyase mahīm tasmād uttiṣṭha kaunteya yuddhāya kṛtaniścayaḥ 2.37

sukhaduḥkhe same kṛtvā lābhālābhau jayājayau tato yuddhāya yujyasva naivaṃ pāpam avāpsyasi 2.38

eṣā tebhihitā sāṅkhye buddhir yoge tv imāṃ śṛṇu buddhyā yukto yayā pārtha karmabandhaṃ prahāsyasi 2.39

nehābhikramanāśosti pratyavāyo na vidyate svalpam apy asya dharmasya trāyate mahato bhayāt 2.40

vyavasāyātmikā buddhir ekeha kurunandana bahuśākhā hy anantāś ca buddhayovyavasāyinām 2.41

yām imāṃ puṣpitāṃ vācaṃ pravadanty avipaścitaḥ vedavādaratāḥ pārtha nānyad astīti vādinaḥ 2.42

kāmātmānaḥ svargaparā janmakarmaphalapradām kriyāviśeṣabahulāṃ bhogaiśvaryagatiṃ prati 2.43

bhogaiśvaryaprasaktānāṃ tayāpahṛtacetasām vyavasāyātmikā buddhiḥ samādhau na vidhīyate 2.44

traiguṇyaviṣayā vedā nistraiguṇyo bhavārjuna nirdvandvo nityasatvastho niryogakṣema ātmavān 2.45

yāvān artha udapāne sarvataḥ saṃplutodake tāvān sarveṣu vedeṣu brāhmaṇasya vijānataḥ 2.46

karmaṇy evādhikāras te mā phaleṣu kadācana mā karmaphalahetur bhūr mā te saṅgostv akarmaṇi 2.47

yogasthaḥ kuru karmāṇi saṅgaṃ tyaktvā dhanañjaya siddhyasiddhyoḥ samo bhūtvā samatvaṃ yoga ucyate 2.48

dūreṇa hy avaraṃ karma buddhiyogād dhanañjaya buddhau śaraṇam anviccha kṛpaṇāḥ phalahetavaḥ 2.49

buddhiyukto jahātīha ubhe sukṛtaduṣkṛte tasmād yogāya yujyasva yogaḥ karmasu kauśalam 2.50

karmajaṃ buddhiyuktā hi phalaṃ tyaktvā manīṣiṇaḥ janmabandhavinirmuktāḥ padaṃ gacchhanty anāmayam 2.51

yadā te mohakalilaṃ buddhir vyatitariṣyati tadā gantāsi nirvedaṃ śrotavyasya śrutasya ca 2.52

śrutivipratipannā te yadā sthāsyati niścalā samādhāv acalā buddhis tadā yogam avāpsyasi 2.53

arjuna uvāca: sthitaprajñasya kā bhāṣā samādhisthasya keśava sthitadhīḥ kiṃ prabhāṣeta kim āsīta vrajeta kim 2.54

śrībhagavān uvāca: prajahāti yadā kāmān sarvān pārtha manogatān ātmany evātmanā tuṣṭaḥ sthitaprajñas tadocyate 2.55

duḥkheṣv anudvignamanāḥ sukheṣu vigataspṛhaḥ vītarāgabhayakrodhaḥ sthitadhīr munir ucyate 2.56

yaḥ sarvatrānabhisnehas tattatprāpya śubhāśubham nābhinandati na dveṣṭi tasya prajñā pratiṣṭhitā 2.57

yadā saṃharate cāyaṃ kūrmoṅgānīva sarvaśaḥ indriyāṇīndriyārthebhyas tasya prajñā pratiṣṭhitā 2.58

viṣayā vinivartante nirāhārasya dehinaḥ rasavarjaṃ rasopy asya paraṃ dṛṣṭvā nivartate 2.59

yatato hy api kaunteya puruṣasya vipaścitaḥ indriyāṇi pramāthīni haranti prasabhaṃ manaḥ 2.60

tāni sarvāṇi saṃyamya yukta āsīta matparaḥ vaśe hi yasyendriyāṇi tasya prajñā pratiṣṭhitā 2.61

dhyāyato viṣayān puṃsaḥ saṅgas teṣūpajāyate saṅgāt sañjāyate kāmaḥ kāmāt krodhobhijāyate 2.62

krodhād bhavati saṃmohaḥ saṃmohāt smṛtivibhramaḥ smṛtibhraṃśād buddhināśo buddhināśāt praṇaśyati 2.63

rāgadveṣavimuktais tu viṣayān indriyaiś caran ātmavaśyair vidheyātmā prasādam adhigacchati 2.64

prasāde sarvaduḥkhānāṃ hānir asyopajāyate prasannacetaso hy āśu buddhiḥ paryavatiṣṭhate 2.65

nāsti buddhir ayuktasya na cāyuktasya bhāvanā na cābhāvayataḥ śāntir aśāntasya kutaḥ sukham 2.66.

indriyāṇāṃ hi caratāṃ yan manonuvidhīyate tad asya harati prajñāṃ vāyur nāvam ivāmbhasi 2.67

tasmād yasya mahābāho nigṛhītāni sarvaśaḥ indriyāṇīndriyārthebhyas tasya prajñā pratiṣṭhitā 2.68

yā niśā sarvabhūtānāṃ tasyāṃ jāgarti saṃyamī yasyāṃ jāgrati bhūtāni sā niśā paśyato muneḥ 2.69

āpūryamāṇam acalapratiṣṭhaṃ samudram āpaḥ praviśanti yadvat tadvat kāmā yaṃ praviśanti sarve sa śāntim āpnoti na kāmakāmī 2.70

vihāya kāmān yaḥ sarvān pumāṃś carati niḥspṛhaḥ nirmamo nirahaṃkāraḥ sa śāntim adhigacchhati 2.71

eṣā brāhmī sthitiḥ pārtha naināṃ prāpya vimuhyati sthitvāsyām antakālepi brahmanirvāṇam ṛcchati 2.72

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