Chapter 4 - The Yoga of Renunciation of Action With Knowledge

śrībhagavān uvāca: imaṃ vivasvate yogaṃ proktavān aham avyayam vivasvān manave prāha manur ikṣvākavebravīt 4.1

evaṃ paramparāprāptam imaṃ rājarṣayo viduḥ sa kāleneha mahatā yogo naṣṭaḥ paraṃtapa 4.2

sa evāyaṃ mayā tedya yogaḥ proktaḥ purātanaḥ bhaktosi me sakhā ceti rahasyaṃ hy etad uttamam 4.3

arjuna uvāca: aparaṃ bhavato janma paraṃ janma vivasvataḥ katham etad vijānīyāṃ tvam ādau proktavān iti 4.4

śrībhagavānuvāca: bahūni me vyatītāni janmāni tava cārjuna tāny ahaṃ veda sarvāṇi na tvaṃ vettha paraṃtapa 4.5

ajopi sann avyayātmā bhūtānām īśvaropi san prakṛtiṃ svām adhiṣṭhāya saṃbhavāmy ātmamāyayā 4.6

yadā yadā hi dharmasya glānir bhavati bhārata abhyutthānam adharmasya tadātmānaṃ sṛjāmy aham 4.7

paritrāṇāya sādhūnāṃ vināśāya ca duṣkṛtām dharmasaṃsthāpanārthāya saṃbhavāmi yuge yuge 4.8

janma karma ca me divyam evaṃ yo vetti tattvataḥ tyaktvā dehaṃ punarjanma naiti mām eti sorjuna 4.9

vītarāgabhayakrodhā manmayā mām upāśritāḥ bahavo jñānatapasā pūtā madbhāvam āgatāḥ 4.10

ye yathā māṃ prapadyante tāṃs tathaiva bhajāmy aham mama vartmānuvartante manuṣyāḥ pārtha sarvaśaḥ 4.11

kāṃkṣantaḥ karmaṇāṃ siddhiṃ yajanta iha devatāḥ kṣipraṃ hi mānuṣe loke siddhir bhavati karmajā 4.12

cāturvarṇyaṃ mayā sṛṣṭaṃ guṇakarmavibhāgaśaḥ tasya kartāram api māṃ viddhy akartāram avyayam 4.13

na māṃ karmāṇi limpanti na me karmaphale spṛhā iti māṃ yobhijānāti karmabhir na sa badhyate 4.14

evaṃ jñātvā kṛtaṃ karma pūrvair api mumukṣubhiḥ kuru karmaiva tasmāt tvaṃ pūrvaiḥ pūrvataraṃ kṛtam 4.15

kiṃ karma kimakarmeti kavayopy atra mohitāḥ tat te karma pravakṣyāmi yaj jñātvā mokṣyaseśubhāt 4.16

karmaṇo hy api boddhavyaṃ boddhavyaṃ ca vikarmaṇaḥ akarmaṇaś ca boddhavyaṃ gahanā karmaṇo gatiḥ 4.17

karmaṇy akarma yaḥ paśyed akarmaṇi ca karma yaḥ sa buddhimān manuṣyeṣu sa yuktaḥ kṛtsnakarmakṛt 4.18

yasya sarve samārambhāḥ kāmasaṃkalpavarjitāḥ jñānāgnidagdhakarmāṇaṃ tam āhuḥ paṇḍitaṃ budhāḥ 4.19

tyaktvā karmaphalāsaṅgaṃ nityatṛpto nirāśrayaḥ karmaṇy abhipravṛttopi naiva kiṃcit karoti saḥ 4.20

nirāśīr yatacittātmā tyaktasarvaparigrahaḥ śārīraṃ kevalaṃ karma kurvan nāpnoti kilbiṣam 4.21

yadṛcchālābhasaṃtuṣṭo dvandvātīto vimatsaraḥ samaḥ siddhāv asiddhau ca kṛtvāpi na nibadhyate 4.22

gatasaṅgasya muktasya jñānāvasthitacetasaḥ yajñāyācarataḥ karma samagraṃ pravilīyate 4.23

brahmārpaṇaṃ brahma havir brahmāgnau brahmaṇā hutam brahmaiva tena gantavyaṃ brahmakarmasamādhinā 4.24

daivam evāpare yajñaṃ yoginaḥ paryupāsate brahmāgnāv apare yajñaṃ yajñenaivopajuvhati 4.25

śrotrādīnīndriyāṇy anye saṃyamāgniṣu juvhati śabdādīn viṣayān anya indriyāgniṣu juvhati 4.26

sarvāṇīndriyakarmāṇi prāṇakarmāṇi cāpare ātmasaṃyamayogāgnau juvhati jñānadīpite 4.27

dravyayajñās tapoyajñā yogayajñās tathāpare svādhyāyajñānayajñāś ca yatayaḥ saṃśitavratāḥ 4.28

apāne juvhati prāṇaṃ prāṇepānaṃ tathāpare prāṇāpānagatī ruddhvā prāṇāyāmaparāyaṇāḥ 4.29

apare niyatāhārāḥ prāṇān prāṇeṣu juvhati sarvepy ete yajñavido yajñakṣapitakalmaṣāḥ 4.30

yajñaśiṣṭāmṛtabhujo yānti brahma sanātanam nāyaṃ lokosty ayajñasya kutonyaḥ kurusattama 4.31

evaṃ bahuvidhā yajñā vitatā brahmaṇo mukhe karmajān viddhi tān sarvān evaṃ jñātvā vimokṣyase 4.32

śreyān dravyamayād yajñāj jñānayajñaḥ paraṃtapa sarvaṃ karmākhilaṃ pārtha jñāne parisamāpyate 4.33

tad viddhi praṇipātena paripraśnena sevayā upadekṣyanti te jñānaṃ jñāninas tattvadarśinaḥ 4.34

yaj jñātvā na punar moham evaṃ yāsyasi pāṇḍava yena bhūtāny aśeṣeṇa drakṣyasy ātmany atho mayi 4.35

api ced asi pāpebhyaḥ sarvebhyaḥ pāpakṛttamaḥ sarvaṃ jñānaplavenaiva vṛjinaṃ saṃtariṣyasi 4.36

yathaidhāṃsi samiddhognir bhasmasāt kuruterjuna jñānāgniḥ sarvakarmāṇi bhasmasāt kurute tathā 4.37

na hi jñānena sadṛśaṃ pavitram iha vidyate tat svayaṃ yogasaṃsiddhaḥ kālenātmani vindati 4.38

śraddhāvāṃl labhate jñānaṃ tatparaḥ saṃyatendriyaḥ jñānaṃ labdhvā parāṃ śāntim acireṇādhigacchati 4.39

ajñaś cāśraddadhānaś ca saṃśayātmā vinaśyati nāyaṃ lokosti na paro na sukhaṃ saṃśayātmanaḥ 4.40

yogasaṃnyastakarmāṇaṃ jñānasaṃchinnasaṃśayam ātmavantaṃ na karmāṇi nibadhnanti dhanaṃjaya 4.41

tasmād ajñānasañbhūtaṃ hṛtsthaṃ jñānāsinātmanaḥ chittvainaṃ saṃśayaṃ yogam ātiṣṭhottiṣṭha bhārata 4.42

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