Chapter 8 - The Yoga of Imperishable Brahman

arjuna uvāca: kiṃ tad brahma kim adhyātmaṃ kiṃ karma puruṣottama adhibhūtaṃ ca kiṃ proktam adhidaivaṃ kim ucyate 8.1

adhiyajñaḥ kathaṃ kotra dehesmin madhusūdana prayāṇakāle ca kathaṃ jñeyosi niyatātmabhiḥ 8.2

śrībhagavān uvāca: akṣaraṃ brahma paramaṃ svabhāvodhyātmam ucyate bhūtabhāvodbhavakaro visargaḥ karmasaṃjñitaḥ 8.3

adhibhūtaṃ kṣaro bhāvaḥ puruṣaś cādhidaivatam adhiyajñoham evātra dehe dehabhṛtāṃ vara 8.4

antakāle ca mām eva smaran muktvā kalevaram yaḥ prayāti sa madbhāvaṃ yāti nāsty atra saṃśayaḥ 8.5

yaṃ yaṃ vāpi smaran bhāvaṃ tyajaty ante kalevaram taṃ tam evaiti kaunteya sadā tadbhāvabhāvitaḥ 8.6

tasmāt sarveṣu kāleṣu mām anusmara yudhya ca mayy arpitamanobuddhir mām evaiṣyasy asaṃśayaḥ 8.7

abhyāsayogayuktena cetasā nānyagāminā paramaṃ puruṣaṃ divyaṃ yāti pārthānucintayan 8.8

kaviṃ purāṇam anuśāsitāraṃ aṇor aṇīyāṃsam anusmared yaḥ sarvasya dhātāram acintyarūpaṃ ādityavarṇaṃ tamasaḥ parastāt 8.9

prayāṇakāle manasācalena bhaktyā yukto yogabalena caiva bhruvor madhye prāṇam āveśya samyak sa taṃ paraṃ puruṣam upaiti divyam 8.10

yad akṣaraṃ vedavido vadanti viśanti yad yatayo vītarāgāḥ yad icchanto brahmacaryaṃ caranti tat te padaṃ saṃgraheṇa pravakṣye 8.11

sarvadvārāṇi saṃyamya mano hṛdi nirudhya ca mūrdhny ādhāyātmanaḥ prāṇam āsthito yogadhāraṇām 8.12

om ity ekākṣaraṃ brahma vyāharan mām anusmaran yaḥ prayāti tyajan dehaṃ sa yāti paramāṃ gatim 8.13

ananyacetāḥ satataṃ yo māṃ smarati nityaśaḥ tasyāhaṃ sulabhaḥ pārtha nityayuktasya yoginaḥ 8.14

mām upetya punarjanma duḥkhālayam aśāśvatam nāpnuvanti mahātmānaḥ saṃsiddhiṃ paramāṃ gatāḥ 8.15

ā brahmabhuvanāl lokāḥ punarāvartinorjuna mām upetya tu kaunteya punarjanma na vidyate 8.16

sahasrayugaparyantam ahar yad brahmaṇo viduḥ rātriṃ yugasahasrāntāṃ te.ahorātravido janāḥ 8.17

avyaktād vyaktayaḥ sarvāḥ prabhavanty aharāgame rātryāgame pralīyante tatraivāvyaktasaṃjñake 8.18

bhūtagrāmaḥ sa evāyaṃ bhūtvā bhūtvā pralīyate rātryāgamevaśaḥ pārtha prabhavaty aharāgame 8.19

paras tasmāt tu bhāvonyovyaktovyaktāt sanātanaḥ yaḥ sa sarveṣu bhūteṣu naśyatsu na vinaśyati 8.20

avyaktokṣara ity uktas tam āhuḥ paramāṃ gatim yaṃ prāpya na nivartante tad dhāma paramaṃ mama 8.21

puruṣaḥ sa paraḥ pārtha bhaktyā labhyas tv ananyayā yasyāntaḥsthāni bhūtāni yena sarvam idaṃ tatam 8.22

yatra kāle tv anāvṛttim āvṛttiṃ caiva yoginaḥ prayātā yānti taṃ kālaṃ vakṣyāmi bharatarṣabha 8.23

agnir jotir ahaḥ śuklaḥ ṣaṇmāsā uttarāyaṇam tatra prayātā gacchanti brahma brahmavido janāḥ 8.24

dhūmo rātris tathā kṛṣṇaḥ ṣaṇmāsā dakṣiṇāyanam tatra cāndramasaṃ jyotir yogī prāpya nivartate 8.25

śuklakṛṣṇe gatī hy ete jagataḥ śāśvate mate ekayā yāty anāvṛttim anyayāvartate punaḥ 8.26

naite sṛtī pārtha jānan yogī muhyati kaścana tasmāt sarveṣu kāleṣu yogayukto bhavārjuna 8.27

vedeṣu yajñeṣu tapaḥsu caiva dāneṣu yat puṇyaphalaṃ pradiṣṭam atyeti tat sarvam idaṃ viditvā yogī paraṃ sthānam upaiti cādyam 8.28

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