Chapter 14 - The Yoga of the Division of Triple Gunas

śrībhagavān uvāca: paraṃ bhūyaḥ pravakṣyāmi jñānānāṃ jñānam uttamam yaj jñātvā munayaḥ sarve parāṃ siddhim ito gatāḥ 14.1

idaṃ jñānam upāśritya mama sādharmyam āgatāḥ sargepi nopajāyante pralaye na vyathanti ca 14.2

mama yonir mahad brahma tasmin garbhaṃ dadhāmy aham saṃbhavaḥ sarvabhūtānāṃ tato bhavati bhārata 14.3

sarvayoniṣu kaunteya mūrtayaḥ saṃbhavanti yāḥ tāsāṃ brahma mahad yonir ahaṃ bījapradaḥ pitā 14.4

sattvaṃ rajas tama iti guṇāḥ prakṛtisambhavāḥ nibadhnanti mahābāho dehe dehinam avyayam 14.5

tatra sattvaṃ nirmalatvāt prakāśakam anāmayam sukhasaṅgena badhnāti jñānasaṅgena cānagha 14.6

rajo rāgātmakaṃ viddhi tṛṣṇāsaṅgasamudbhavam tan nibadhnāti kaunteya karmasaṅgena dehinam 14.7

tamas tv ajñānajaṃ viddhi mohanaṃ sarvadehinām pramādālasyanidrābhis tan nibadhnāti bhārata 14.8

sattvaṃ sukhe saṃjayati rajaḥ karmaṇi bhārata jñānam āvṛtya tu tamaḥ pramāde saṃjayaty uta 14.9

rajas tamaś cābhibhūya sattvaṃ bhavati bhārata rajaḥ sattvaṃ tamaś caiva tamaḥ sattvaṃ rajas tathā 14.10

sarvadvāreṣu dehesmin prakāśa upajāyate jñānaṃ yadā tadā vidyād vivṛddhaṃ sattvam ity uta 14.11

lobhaḥ pravṛttir ārambhaḥ karmaṇām aśamaḥ spṛhā rajasy etāni jāyante vivṛddhe bharatarṣabha 14.12

aprakāśopravṛttiś ca pramādo moha eva ca tamasy etāni jāyante vivṛddhe kurunandana 14.13

yadā sattve pravṛddhe tu pralayaṃ yāti dehabhṛt tadottamavidāṃ lokān amalān pratipadyate 14.14

rajasi pralayaṃ gatvā karmasaṅgiṣu jāyate tathā pralīnas tamasi mūḍhayoniṣu jāyate 14.15

karmaṇaḥ sukṛtasyāhuḥ sāttvikaṃ nirmalaṃ phalam rajasas tu phalaṃ duḥkham ajñānaṃ tamasaḥ phalam 14.16

sattvāt saṃjāyate jñānaṃ rajaso lobha eva ca pramādamohau tamaso bhavatojñānam eva ca 14.17

ūrdhvaṃ gacchanti sattvasthā madhye tiṣṭhanti rājasāḥ jaghanyaguṇavṛttisthā adho gacchhanti tāmasāḥ 14.18

nānyaṃ guṇebhyaḥ kartāraṃ yadā draṣṭānupaśyati guṇebhyaś ca paraṃ vetti madbhāvaṃ sodhigacchhati 14.19

guṇān etān atītya trīn dehī dehasamudbhavān janmamṛtyujarāduḥkhair vimuktomṛtam aśnute 14.20

arjuna uvāca: kair liṅgais trīn guṇān etān atīto bhavati prabho kimācāraḥ kathaṃ caitāṃs trīn guṇān ativartate 14.21

śrībhagavān uvāca: prakāśaṃ ca pravṛttiṃ ca moham eva ca pāṇḍava ta dveṣṭi saṃpravṛttāni na nivṛttāni kāṅkṣati 14.22

udāsīnavad āsīno guṇair yo na vicālyate guṇā vartanta ity eva yovatiṣṭhati neṅgate 14.23

samaduḥkhasukhaḥ svasthaḥ samaloṣṭāśmakāñcanaḥ tulyapriyāpriyo dhīras tulyanindātmasaṃstutiḥ 14.24

mānāpamānayos tulyas tulyo mitrāripakṣayoḥ sarvārambhaparityāgī guṇātītaḥ sa ucyate 14.25

māṃ ca yovyabhicāreṇa bhaktiyogena sevate sa guṇān samatītyaitān brahmabhūyāya kalpate 14.26

brahmaṇo hi pratiṣṭhāham amṛtasyāvyayasya ca śāśvatasya ca dharmasya sukhasyaikāntikasya ca 14.27

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