Chapter 17 - The Yoga of Triple Division of Faith

arjuna uvāca: ye śāstravidhim utsṛjya yajante śraddhayānvitāḥ teṣāṃ niṣṭhā tu kā kṛṣṇa sattvam āho rajas tamaḥ 17.1

śrībhagavān uvāca: trividhā bhavati śraddhā dehināṃ sā svabhāvajā sāttvikī rājasī caiva tāmasī ceti tāṃ śṛṇu 17.2

sattvānurūpā sarvasya śraddhā bhavati bhārata śraddhāmayoyaṃ puruṣo yo yacchraddhaḥ sa eva saḥ 17.3

yajante sāttvikā devān yakṣarakṣāṃsi rājasāḥ pretān bhūtagaṇāñś cānye yajante tāmasā janāḥ 17.4

aśāstravihitaṃ ghoraṃ tapyante ye tapo janāḥ dambhāhaṃkārasaṃyuktāḥ kāmarāgabalānvitāḥ 17.5

karṣayantaḥ śarīrasthaṃ bhūtagrāmam acetasaḥ māṃ caivāntaḥśarīrasthaṃ tān viddhy āsuraniścayān 17.6

āhāras tv api sarvasya trividho bhavati priyaḥ yajñas tapas tathā dānaṃ teṣāṃ bhedam imaṃ śṛṇu 17.7

āyuḥsattvabalārogyasukhaprītivivardhanāḥ rasyāḥ snigdhāḥ sthirā hṛdyā āhārāḥ sāttvikapriyāḥ 17.8

kaṭvamlalavaṇātyuṣṇatīkṣṇarūkṣavidāhinaḥ āhārā rājasasyeṣṭā duḥkhaśokāmayapradāḥ 17.9

yātayāmaṃ gatarasaṃ pūti paryuṣitaṃ ca yat ucchiṣṭam api cāmedhyaṃ bhojanaṃ tāmasapriyam 17.10

aphalāṅkṣibhir yajño vidhidṛṣṭo ya ijyate yaṣṭavyam eveti manaḥ samādhāya sa sāttvikaḥ 17.11

abhisaṃdhāya tu phalaṃ dambhārtham api caiva yat ijyate bharataśreṣṭha taṃ yajñaṃ viddhi rājasam 17.12

vidhihīnam asṛṣṭānnaṃ mantrahīnam adakṣiṇam śraddhāvirahitaṃ yajñaṃ tāmasaṃ paricakṣate 17.13

devadvijaguruprājñapūjanaṃ śaucam ārjavam brahmacaryam ahiṃsā ca śārīraṃ tapa ucyate 17.14

anudvegakaraṃ vākyaṃ satyaṃ priyahitaṃ ca yat svādhyāyābhyasanaṃ caiva vāṅmayaṃ tapa ucyate 17.15

manaḥprasādaḥ saumyatvaṃ maunam ātmavinigrahaḥ bhāvasaṃśuddhir ity etat tapo mānasam ucyate 17.16

śraddhayā parayā taptaṃ tapas tat trividhaṃ naraiḥ aphalākāṅkṣibhir yuktaiḥ sāttvikaṃ paricakṣate 17.17

satkāramānapūjārthaṃ tapo dambhena caiva yat kriyate tad iha proktaṃ rājasaṃ calam adhruvam 17.18

mūḍhagrāheṇātmano yat pīḍayā kriyate tapaḥ parasyotsādanārthaṃ vā tat tāmasam udāhṛtam 17.19

dātavyam iti yad dānaṃ dīyatenupakāriṇe deśe kāle ca pātre ca tad dānaṃ sāttvikaṃ smṛtam 17.20

yat tu prattyupakārārthaṃ phalam uddiśya vā punaḥ dīyate ca parikliṣṭaṃ tad dānaṃ rājasaṃ smṛtam 17.21

adeśakāle yad dānam apātrebhyaś ca dīyate asatkṛtam avajñātaṃ tat tāmasam udāhṛtam 17.22

oṃ tat sad iti nirdeśo brahmaṇas trividhaḥ smṛtaḥ brāhmaṇās tena vedāś ca yajñāś ca vihitāḥ purā 17.23

tasmād om ity udāhṛtya yajñadānatapaḥkriyāḥ pravartante vidhānoktāḥ satataṃ brahmavādinām 17.24

tad ity anabhisaṃdhāya phalaṃ yajñatapaḥkriyāḥ dānakriyāś ca vividhāḥ kriyante mokṣakāṅkṣibhiḥ 17.25

sadbhāve sādhubhāve ca sad ity etat prayujyate praśaste karmaṇi tathā sacchabdaḥ pārtha yujyate 17.26

yajñe tapasi dāne ca sthitiḥ sad iti cocyate karma caiva tadarthīyaṃ sad ity evābhidhīyate 17.27

aśraddhayā hutaṃ dattaṃ tapas taptaṃ kṛtaṃ ca yat asad ity ucyate pārtha na ca tat prepya no iha 17.28

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