Chapter 18 - The Yoga of Liberation by Renunciation

arjuna uvāca: saṃnyāsasya mahābāho tattvam icchāmi veditum tyāgasya ca hṛṣīkeśa pṛthak keśiniṣūdana 18.1

śrībhagavān uvāca: kāmyānāṃ karmaṇāṃ nyāsaṃ saṃnyāsaṃ kavayo viduḥ sarvakarmaphalatyāgaṃ prāhus tyāgaṃ vicakṣaṇāḥ 18.2

tyājyaṃ doṣavad ity eke karma prāhur manīṣiṇaḥ yajñadānatapaḥkarma na tyājyam iti cāpare 18.3

niścayaṃ śṛṇu me tatra tyāge bharatasattama tyāgo hi puruṣavyāghra trividhaḥ saṃprakīrtitaḥ 18.4

yajñadānatapaḥkarma na tyājyaṃ kāryam eva tat yajño dānaṃ tapaś caiva pāvanāni manīṣiṇām 18.5

etāny api tu karmāṇi saṅgaṃ tyaktvā phalāni ca kartavyānīti me pārtha niścitaṃ matam uttamam 18.6

niyatasya tu saṃnyāsaḥ karmaṇo nopapadyate mohāt tasya parityāgas tāmasaḥ parikīrtitaḥ 18.7

duḥkham ity eva yat karma kāyakleśabhayāt tyajet sa kṛtvā rājasaṃ tyāgaṃ naiva tyāgaphalaṃ labhet 18.8

kāryam ity eva yat karma niyataṃ kriyaterjuna saṅgaṃ tyaktvā phalaṃ caiva sa tyāgaḥ sāttviko mataḥ 18.9

na dveṣṭy akuśalaṃ karma kuśale nānuṣajjate tyāgī sattvasamāviṣṭo medhāvī chinnasaṃśayaḥ 18.10

na hi dehabhṛtā śakyaṃ tyaktuṃ karmāṇy aśeṣataḥ yas tu karmaphalatyāgī sa tyāgīty abhidhīyate 18.11

aniṣṭam iṣṭaṃ miśraṃ ca trividhaṃ karmaṇaḥ phalam bhavaty atyāgināṃ pretya na tu saṃnyāsināṃ kvacit 18.12

pañcaitāni mahābāho kāraṇāni nibodha me sāṃkhye kṛtānte proktāni siddhaye sarvakarmaṇām 18.13

adhiṣṭhānaṃ tathā kartā karaṇaṃ ca pṛthagvidham vividhāś ca pṛthakceṣṭā daivaṃ caivātra pañcamam 18.14

śarīravāṅmanobhir yat karma prārabhate naraḥ nyāyyaṃ vā viparītaṃ vā pañcaite tasya hetavaḥ 18.15

tatraivaṃ sati kartāram ātmānaṃ kevalaṃ tu yaḥ paśyaty akṛtabuddhitvān na sa paśyati durmatiḥ 18.16

yasya nāhaṃkṛto bhāvo buddhir yasya na lipyate hatvā.api sa imāṃl lokān na hanti na nibadhyate 18.17

jñānaṃ jñeyaṃ parijñātā trividhā karmacodanā karaṇaṃ karma karteti trividhaḥ karmasaṃgrahaḥ 18.18

jñānaṃ karma ca kartā ca tridhaiva guṇabhedataḥ procyate guṇasaṃkhyāne yathāvac chṛṇu tāny api 18.19

sarvabhūteṣu yenaikaṃ bhāvam avyayam īkṣate avibhaktaṃ vibhakteṣu taj jñānaṃ viddhi sāttvikam 18.20

pṛthaktvena tu yaj jñānaṃ nānābhāvān pṛthagvidhān vetti sarveṣu bhūteṣu taj jñānaṃ viddhi rājasam 18.21

yat tu kṛtsnavad ekasmin kārye saktam ahetukam atattvārthavad alpaṃ ca tat tāmasam udāhṛtam 18.22

niyataṃ saṅgarahitam arāgadveṣataḥ kṛtam aphalaprepsunā karma yat tat sāttvikam ucyate 18.23

yat tu kāmepsunā karma sāhaṃkāreṇa vā punaḥ kriyate bahulāyāsaṃ tad rājasam udāhṛtam 18.24

anubandhaṃ kṣayaṃ hiṃsām anapekṣya ca pauruṣam mohād ārabhyate karma yat tat tāmasam ucyate 18.25

muktasaṅgonahaṃvādī dhṛtyutsāhasamanvitaḥ siddhyasiddhyor nirvikāraḥ kartā sāttvika ucyate 18.26

rāgī karmaphalaprepsur lubdho hiṃsātmakośuciḥ harṣaśokānvitaḥ kartā rājasaḥ parikīrtitaḥ 18.27

ayuktaḥ prākṛtaḥ stabdhaḥ śaṭho naiṣkṛtikolasaḥ viṣādī dīrghasūtrī ca kartā tāmasa ucyate 18.28

buddher bhedaṃ dhṛteś caiva guṇatas trividhaṃ śṛṇu procyamānam aśeṣeṇa pṛthaktvena dhanaṃjaya 18.29

pravṛttiṃ ca nivṛttiṃ ca kāryākārye bhayābhaye bandhaṃ mokṣaṃ ca yā vetti buddhiḥ sā pārtha sāttvikī 18.30

yayā dharmam adharmaṃ ca kāryaṃ cākāryam eva ca ayathāvat prajānāti buddhiḥ sā pārtha rājasī 18.31

adharmaṃ dharmam iti yā manyate tamasāvṛtā sarvārthān viparītāñś ca buddhiḥ sā pārtha tāmasī 18.32

dhṛtyā yayā dhārayate manaḥprāṇendriyakriyāḥ yogenāvyabhicāriṇyā dhṛtiḥ sā pārtha sāttvikī 18.33

yayā tu dharmakāmārthān dhṛtyā dhārayaterjuna prasaṅgena phalākāṅkṣī dhṛtiḥ sā pārtha rājasī 18.34

yayā svapnaṃ bhayaṃ śokaṃ viṣādaṃ madam eva ca na vimuñcati durmedhā dhṛtiḥ sā pārtha tāmasī 18.35

sukhaṃ tv idānīṃ trividhaṃ śṛṇu me bharatarṣabha abhyāsād ramate yatra duḥkhāntaṃ ca nigacchhati 18.36

yat tadagre viṣam iva pariṇāmemṛtopamam tat sukhaṃ sāttvikaṃ proktam ātmabuddhiprasādajam 18.37

viṣayendriyasañyogād yat tad agremṛtopamam pariṇāme viṣam iva tat sukhaṃ rājasaṃ smṛtam 18.38

yad agre cānubandhe ca sukhaṃ mohanam ātmanaḥ nidrālasyapramādotthaṃ tat tāmasam udāhṛtam 18.39

na tad asti pṛthivyāṃ vā divi deveṣu vā punaḥ sattvaṃ prakṛtijair muktaṃ yad ebhiḥ syāt tribhir guṇaiḥ 18.40

brāhmaṇakṣatriyaviśāṃ śūdrāṇāṃ ca paraṃtapa karmāṇi pravibhaktāni svabhāvaprabhavair guṇaiḥ 18.41

śamo damas tapaḥ śaucaṃ kṣāntir ārjavam eva ca jñānaṃ vijñānam āstikyaṃ brahmakarma svabhāvajam 18.42

śauryaṃ tejo dhṛtir dākṣyaṃ yuddhe cāpy apalāyanam dānam īśvarabhāvaś ca kṣātraṃ karma svabhāvajam 18.43

kṛṣigaurakṣyavāṇijyaṃ vaiśyakarma svabhāvajam paricaryātmakaṃ karma śūdrasyāpi svabhāvajam 18.44

sve sve karmaṇy abhirataḥ saṃsiddhiṃ labhate naraḥ svakarmanirataḥ siddhiṃ yathā vindati tac chṛṇu 18.45

yataḥ pravṛttir bhūtānāṃ yena sarvam idaṃ tatam svakarmaṇā tam abhyarcya siddhiṃ vindati mānavaḥ 18.46

śreyān svadharmo viguṇaḥ paradharmot svanuṣṭhitāt svabhāvaniyataṃ karma kurvan nāpnoti kilbiṣam 18.47

sahajaṃ karma kaunteya sadoṣam api na tyajet sarvārambhā hi doṣeṇa dhūmenāgnir ivāvṛtāḥ 18.48

asaktabuddhiḥ sarvatra jitātmā vigataspṛhaḥ naiṣkarmyasiddhiṃ paramāṃ saṃnyāsenādhigacchati 18.49

siddhiṃ prāpto yathā brahma tathāpnoti nibodha me samāsenaiva kaunteya niṣṭhā jñānasya yā parā 18.50

buddhyā viśuddhayā yukto dhṛtyātmānaṃ niyamya ca śabdādīn viṣayāṃs tyaktvā rāgadveṣau vyudasya ca 18.51

viviktasevī laghvāśī yatavākkāyamānasaḥ dhyānayogaparo nityaṃ vairāgyaṃ samupāśritaḥ 18.52

ahaṃkāraṃ balaṃ darpaṃ kāmaṃ krodhaṃ parigraham vimucya nirmamaḥ śānto brahmabhūyāya kalpate 18.53

brahmabhūtaḥ prasannātmā na śocati na kāṅkṣati samaḥ sarveṣu bhūteṣu madbhaktiṃ labhate parām 18.54

bhaktyā mām abhijānāti yāvān yaś cāsmi tattvataḥ tato māṃ tattvato jñātvā viśate tadanantaram 18.55

sarvakarmāṇy api sadā kurvāṇo madvyapāśrayaḥ matprasādād avāpnoti śāśvataṃ padam avyayam 18.56

cetasā sarvakarmāṇi mayi saṃnyasya matparaḥ buddhiyogam upāśritya maccittaḥ satataṃ bhava 18.57

maccittaḥ sarvadurgāṇi matprasādat tariṣyasi atha cet tvam ahaṃkārān na śroṣyasi vinaṅkṣyasi 18.58

yad ahaṃkāram āśritya na yotsya iti manyase mithyaiṣa vyavasāyas te prakṛtis tvāṃ niyokṣyati 18.59

svabhāvajena kaunteya nibaddhaḥ svena karmaṇā kartuṃ necchasi yan mohāt kariṣyasy avaśopi tat 18.60

īśvaraḥ sarvabhūtānāṃ hṛddeśerjuna tiṣṭhati bhrāmayan sarvabhūtāni yantrārūḍhāni māyayā 18.61

tam eva śaraṇaṃ gaccha sarvabhāvena bhārata tatprasādāt parāṃ śāntiṃ sthānaṃ prāpsyasi śāśvatam 18.62

iti te jñānam ākhyātaṃ guhyād guhyataraṃ mayā vimṛśyaitad aśeṣeṇa yathecchasi tathā kuru 18.63

sarvaguhyatamaṃ bhūyaḥ śṛṇu me paramaṃ vacaḥ iṣṭosi me dṛḍham iti tato vakṣyāmi te hitam 18.64

manmanā bhava madbhakto madyājī māṃ namaskuru mām evaiṣyasi satyaṃ te pratijāne priyosi me 18.65

sarvadharmān parityajya mām ekaṃ śaraṇaṃ vraja ahaṃ tvā sarvapāpebhyo mokṣyayiṣyāmi mā śucaḥ 18.66

idaṃ te nātapaskāya nābhaktāya kadācana na cāśuśrūṣave vācyaṃ na ca māṃ yobhyasūyati 18.67

ya idaṃ paramaṃ guhyaṃ madbhakteṣv abhidhāsyati bhaktiṃ mayi parāṃ kṛtvā mām evaiṣyaty asaṃśayaḥ 18.68

na ca tasmān manuṣyeṣu kaścin me priyakṛttamaḥ bhavitā na ca me tasmād anyaḥ priyataro bhuvi 18.69

adhyeṣyate ca ya imaṃ dharmyaṃ saṃvādam āvayoḥ jñānayajñena tenāham iṣṭaḥ syām iti me matiḥ 18.70

śraddhāvān anasūyaś ca śṛṇuyād api yo naraḥ sopi muktaḥ śubhāṃl lokān prāpnuyāt puṇyakarmaṇām 18.71

kaccid etac chrutaṃ pārtha tvayaikāgreṇa cetasā kaccid ajñānasaṃmohaḥ pranaṣṭas te dhanaṃjaya 18.72

arjuna uvāca: naṣṭo mohaḥ smṛtir labdhā tvatprasādān mayācyuta sthitosmi gatasaṃdehaḥ kariṣye vacanaṃ tava 18.73

sañjaya uvāca: ity ahaṃ vāsudevasya pārthasya ca mahātmanaḥ saṃvādam imam aśrauṣam adbhutaṃ romaharṣaṇam 18.74

vyāsaprasādāc chrutavān etad guhyam ahaṃ param yogaṃ yogeśvarāt kṛṣṇāt sākṣāt kathayataḥ svayam 18.75

rājan saṃsmṛtya saṃsmṛtya saṃvādam imam adbhutam keśavārjunayoḥ puṇyaṃ hṛṣyāmi ca muhur muhuḥ 18.76

tac ca saṃsmṛtya saṃsmṛtya rūpam atyadbhutaṃ hareḥ vismayo me mahān rājan hṛṣyāmi ca punaḥ punaḥ 18.77

yatra yogeśvaraḥ kṛṣṇo yatra pārtho dhanurdharaḥ tatra śrīr vijayo bhūtir dhruvā nītir matir mama 18.78

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